Environment Protection

Environment Protection

 

  1. 1.                   The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986, amended 1991

Against the backdrop of the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment held at Stockholm in June 1972, in which India was a participant, the Central Government enacted a legislation, ‘The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986’, with an objective for protection and improvement of the environment and for matters connected therewith. As per this Act, the Central Government shall have the power to take all such measures for the purpose of protecting and improving the quality of the environment and to prevent environmental pollution. Further, the Central Government shall have the power to give directions in writing to any person or officer or any authority for any of the purposes of the Act, including the power to direct the closure, prohibition or regulation of any industry, operation or process. No person carrying on an industry, operation or process shall discharge or emit any environmental pollutant in excess of standards prescribed by the Government. Further, persons handling with hazardous substances shall comply with the procedural safeguards as may be prescribed by the authorities. As per the Act where the discharge of any environmental pollutant in excess of prescribed standard occurs, or is apprehended to occur due to any accidental or other unforeseen act or event, the person responsible for such discharge shall be bound to prevent or mitigate the pollutant so caused as well as intimate the fact of such occurrence to the concerned authorities. The Central Government or any other officer empowered by the Central Government shall have the powers to take the samples of air, water, soil or any other substances from any factory, premises, etc., for the purpose of analysis. For the purposes of protecting and improving the quality of the environment and preventing and abetting environmental pollution, standards of emission or discharge of environmental pollutants from the industries, operations or processes are specified in Schedules 1 to 1V of the Environment (Protection) Rules.

  1. 2.       Rules

The Environment (Protection) Rules, 1986

  1. 3.       The power conferred by the Environment Protection Act are followed under the following heads:

        i.            Coastal Regulation Zone: All the legislations can be found at http://www.moef.nic.in/rules-regulations/crz-notifications

      ii.            Eco-marks Scheme: All the regulations can be found at http://www.moef.nic.in/eco-marks_scheme

    iii.            Eco-sensitive Zone: All the regulations can be found at http://www.moef.nic.in/eco-sensitive_zone

     iv.            Environmental Clearance (General): All the regulations can be found at http://www.moef.nic.in/environmental_clearancegeneral

       v.            Environmental Labs: All the regulations can be found at http://www.moef.nic.in/environmental_labs

     vi.            Environmental Standards: All the regulations can be found at http://www.moef.nic.in/environmental_standards

   vii.            Hazardous Substances Management: All the regulations can be found at http://www.moef.nic.in/hazardous_substances_management

  • *S.O. 1527(E), [02/07/2011] – Plastic Waste (Management & Handling) Rules, 2011
  • *E-waste Management and Handling Rules 2011
  • *Batteries (Management and Handling), Amendments Rules, 2010.
  • *Batteries (Management and Handling), Amendments Rules, 2010
  • *The Hazardous Wastes (Management, Handling and Transboundary Movement) Rules,2009
  • *The Rules for the Manufacture, Use, Import, Export and Storage of Hazardous micro-organisms Genetically engineered    organisms or cells(Amendment)
  • *The Bio-Medical Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 1998; Bio-Medical Waste (Management and Handling) (Amendment) *Rules, 2003.
  • *The Municipal Solid Wastes (Management and Handling) Rules, 2000

 viii.            Loss of Ecology: All the regulations can be found at http://www.moef.nic.in/division/loss_of_ecology

     ix.            Noise Pollution: All the regulations can be found at http://www.moef.nic.in/noise_pollution

       x.            Ozone Layer Depletion: All the regulations can be found at http://moef.nic.in/rules-regulations/ozone-layer-depletion

     xi.            Water Pollution: All the regulations can be found at http://www.moef.nic.in/water_pollution

  •  * Constitution of National Ganga River Conservation Authority
  • *Water Quality Assessment Authority
  • *Water Quality Monitoring Order 2005

   xii.            2-T Oil: All the regulations can be found at http://www.moef.nic.in/division/2_t_oil